At Frankfurt last month, Prof Dr Thomas Weber, Member of the Board of Management of Daimler AG stated “hydrogen fuel cell is long-term mobility solution”, and when questioned about the delayed launch of the fuel cell powered B-Class, he said: “Our decision [to delay] was based on the infrastructure situation. We have shifted it a few years to 2016 or 2017… …Technology-wise we are nearly ready, but where are the fuel stations?”
Three weeks later Daimler announce the H2 Mobility initiative: a plan for the construction of a hydrogen refuelling network in Germany.
- 400 hydrogen refuelling filling stations by 2023
- Overall investment of around €350 million planned
- Precondition: the market success of fuel cell powered electric vehicles initiated
This is good news for low emission vehicles, but that last point is probably quite a big one, effectively a caveat that the German government needs to support H2…
“a request for support to the German Federal Government. Following the foundation of a joint venture (subject to necessary regulatory approvals), gradual expansion of the national filling station network will commence next year…
…Continuation of the innovation and research activities in this field which are envisaged in the mobility and fuel strategy of the German Federal Government plays a decisive role in this respect. In particular the continuation of the “National Innovation Programme for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology” (NIP) represents the necessary support for the market establishment”
I think that is loud and clear.
But will the investment in infrastructure to support hydrogen fuel cell technology – while it is still at an early stage – effectively divert investment from grid powered EV infrastructure? Slowing the mass-market uptake of EVs at a critical point could put the transition further behind.
The role of the oil giants is pivotal in the transition to low emission vehicles, and liquid fuels as part of the future transport energy mix is a solution they are clearly going to want to support ahead of any others, with all of their political influence and financial might.
Battery (grid powered) EVs and H2 Fuel Cell EVs continue to be reported as competing technologies, and this is encouraged at times by some of the vehicle manufacturers. Looking at the bigger picture: it’s not that simple – both have a part to play.
Arguably grid EVs have a greater role to play in the short term, and should have greater support right now, with hydrogen also supported as part of the ongoing transition, most likely replacing long-distance Hybrids and heavy road transport/haulage for which batteries are not best suited.
Germany does not currently have a subsidy for battery EVs, but the domestic vehicle manufacturing industry is starting to ask for it. Let’s hope this other request for government support doesn’t divert from a timely EV support package in Germany.
The press release reads as follows…
The six partners in the “H2 Mobility” initiative – Air Liquide, Daimler, Linde, OMV, Shell and Total – have set up upon a specific action plan for the construction of a nationwide hydrogen refuelling network for fuel cell powered electric vehicles. By the year 2023 the current network of 15 filling stations in Germany’s public hydrogen infrastructure shall be expanded to about 400 H2 filling stations.
As a first step the deployment of 100 hydrogen stations in Germany over the next 4 years is intended. This would ensure a need-related supply for fuel cell powered electric vehicles to be introduced into the market in the next years. An agreement in principle has been signed by representatives of all the partners involved.
In addition to plans for a nationwide filling station network, the agreement includes the principles for the procurement and distribution of the necessary hydrogen and a request for support to the German Federal Government. Following the foundation of a joint venture (subject to necessary regulatory approvals), gradual expansion of the national filling station network will commence next year.
This means that an H2 supply suitable for everyday use shall be created not only for densely populated areas and main traffic arteries, but also for rural areas. The objective is to offer an H2 station at least every 90 kilometres of motorway between densely populated areas. According to this plan in metropolitan areas, drivers of fuel cell powered vehicles will have at least 10 hydrogen refuelling stations available each from 2023.
Thus zero tailpipe emission H2-mobility is becoming increasingly attractive for customers. The “H2 Mobility” initiative expects that a total investment of around €350 million will be required for this future-oriented infrastructure project.
The launch of fuel cell powered production vehicles on the German market has been announced by first manufacturers for 2015. In addition to attractive procurement and operating costs for the vehicles, a need-related number of H2 filling stations is one of the major preconditions for market success. Accordingly the planned “H2 Mobility” joint venture will work closely together with the automobile industry.
Particularly in view of the high costs of such innovative technology, advances in hydrogen and fuel cell technology are at least as important. Continuation of the innovation and research activities in this field which are envisaged in the mobility and fuel strategy of the German Federal Government plays a decisive role in this respect. In particular the continuation of the “National Innovation Programme for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology” (NIP) represents the necessary support for the market establishment.
Fuel cell powered electric vehicles can make a considerable contribution to establishing Germany as the lead market for sustainable mobility solutions and efficient technologies. This is because the great advantage of this drive technology lies in the significant reduction of CO2 emissions. This innovative technology also offers great potential for strengthening Germany as an industrial location. The challenges associated with such a system change aimed at a zero-emission transport sector were already addressed at a very early stage with the formation of the inter-industry “H2 Mobility” initiative in Berlin in 2009.
The Clean Energy Partnership (CEP) with its members* and others** welcome the infrastructure development. With the support of the federal government the CEP tests fuel cell electric vehicles and their refuelling. The interface to the federal government in both cases is the National Organization for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology (NOW).
*Members of the CEP: Air Liquide, BMW, Daimler, EnBW, Ford, GM/Opel, Hamburger Hochbahn, Honda, Hyundai, Linde, Shell, Siemens, Total, Toyota, Vattenfall Europe and Volkswagen
**Others: Nissan and Intelligent Energy
Statements of the partners involved:
Thomas Pfützenreuter, Managing Director of AIR LIQUIDE Deutschland Gmb H:
“The signature of this agreement is a decisive step towards the construction of a network of hydrogen stations in Germany. Air Liquide is proud to take an active part in the German “H2Mobility” initiative which aims to substantially contribute to the national ambitious objectives for electro-mobility. As an expert of the entire hydrogen energy chain including production and hydrogen filling stations, Air Liquide is actively involved in allowing the widespread use of hydrogen as a clean energy source. Hydrogen energy is an innovative solution that offers a response in the short-term to the challenges of sustainable mobility thus contributing to the preservation of the environment.”
Professor Dr. Thomas Weber, Member of the Board of Management of Daimler AG, Group Research & Mercedes-Benz Cars Development:
“Hydrogen is the most common element in the Universe. However, filling stations for this environmentally friendly alternative fuel are still scarce. The “H2 Mobility” initiative wants to change this. By 2023 there should be more hydrogen filling stations in Germany, than there are conventional petrol stations along the Autobahns today. With this, we create step by step a comprehensive infrastructure for the everyday use of fuel cell technology.”
Professor Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang Reitzle, Chief Executive Officer of Linde AG:
“Linde has been a pioneer in the further development of hydrogen technology for many years. Especially with respect to the series production of hydrogen refuelling stations, we have achieved major advances over the last few years. The time is now right to roll out this environmentally friendly technology on a nationwide basis.”
Dr. Gerhard Roiss, Chairman of the Executive Board and CEO of OMV AG:
“Achieving the EU’s Energy Roadmap goals will only be possible with innovative new technologies. Hydrogen is set to also play a key role in the way we get around in the future. Setting up the infrastructure for hydrogen filling stations is our contribution to a future of emission-free motoring.”
Peter Blauwhoff, Chief Executive Officer German Shell Holding:
“Shell already operates a network of hydrogen filling stations based on the very latest technology in Germany and California – including the world’s largest H2filling station in Berlin. Following the foundation of the joint venture, Shell will play a significant role in the development of the future H2 retail station networkin Germany. Hydrogen is an important component for the mobility of the future.”
Hans-Christian Gützkow, Chairman of TOTAL Germany:
“Out of the 15 hydrogen refuelling stations existing in Germany today, we already run five – another TOTAL multi-energy-station will start running nearby Berlin’s future airport until the end of the year. We will continue contributing to the infrastructure’s expansion! TOTAL reinforces its pioneering role whilst building up the hydrogen network in Germany and in terms of research when it comes to produce green hydrogen from renewable sources!”
Read the origional here: media.daimler.com
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